Dyalog version 18.0 contained the largest number of optimised algorithms in the history of Dyalog APL. Unfortunately, since its release, we have found that our process for review and testing of optimisations was insufficient to cope with the quantity and nature of the optimisations. Many of the new algorithms had edge cases that escaped both the existing regression tests and the new tests that were written as part of development.
In August 2020, after the issues were reported following the release of Dyalog version 18.0, we issued a caution against the use of version 18.0 in production. We added significant additional testing during September and October, and subsequently lifted the caution in November. In April 2021, a user encountered an additional defect leading to incorrect results in a rare case of membership (
∊), and in June a crash in an extremely rare case of “where” (monadic
⍸). Since then, our own internal testing has found a defect in interval index (dyadic
We have made patches available as defects have been detected and fixed, and “Issue 4” of version 18.0, made available to all users on 22 June 2021, includes fixes for all known issues with optimised code.
At this time, we are executing two high priority projects, one aimed at increasing safety in the short term, the other at completely eliminating problematic optimisations within a few months:
- We have further increased our internal testing of version 18.0, to verify the correctness of the optimisations that are still in the distributed product.
- We are holding back the release of version 18.1, which was originally scheduled for release this month, while we remove most of the optimisations that went into version 18.0. We hope to release version 18.1 before the end of the 3rd Quarter of 2021, but will not let it out the door until we have complete confidence in this new version.
Dyalog Ltd recommends that users of Dyalog APL take the following action:
- If you are using version 17.1 or earlier, plan to skip version 18.0 and upgrade directly to version 18.1 when it becomes available.
- If you are using version 18.0, apply the latest patches or reinstall using Issue 4 when it becomes available. Continue to monitor our DSS e-mail broadcasts and apply patches quickly if we should find and fix any further issues that you think might impact your application. When version 18.1 becomes available, plan to upgrade to it at your earliest convenience.
Support for Versions 17.1 and 18.0
Considering this extraordinary situation, we have decided to extend support for version 17.1 for one additional release cycle. In other words, version 17.1 will be supported until we release the 4th subsequent version of Dyalog APL. Note that we are about to provide an updated version 17.1 installer (“Issue 3”) which collects all updates to version 17.1 since the original release.
Version 18.0 will be supported for the normal number of cycles, that is, until we release the 3rd following version. However, Dyalog Ltd recommends upgrading to version 18.1 as soon as it becomes available and you are able to schedule the upgrade.
Given the nature of these defects, it is our intention to update our non-commercial distributions of version 18.0, although this process may lag behind the distribution of patches to clients paying for support by some weeks.
We apologise for the significant inconvenience that we know this is causing for some of you and thank you for your patience. We have made significant changes to our internal procedures regarding risk assessment, verification, and testing requirements for changes to existing primitive functions, to avoid a recurrence.
We do expect to re-apply those optimisations that we believe provide significant performance benefits to justify the risk of making changes over the next few releases, using new processes.
CTO, Dyalog Ltd.